Typographical Conventions

Command lines to be typed are shown in typewriter font in a box. For example:

cpdf in.pdf -o out.pdf

When describing the general form of a command, rather than a particular example, square brackets [] are used to enclose optional parts, and angled braces <> to enclose general descriptions which may be substituted for particular instances. For example,

cpdf <operation> in.pdf [<range>] -o out.pdf

describes a command line which requires an operation and, optionally, a range. An exception is that we use in.pdf and out.pdf instead of <input file> and <output file> to reduce verbosity. Under Microsoft Windows, type cpdf.exe instead of cpdf.